Oral Systemic Balance (OSB) Therapeutic Principles
Information about oral therapy for headaches, chronic pain, and sleep problems
The Use of Prolotherapy for Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction
An article by Dr. Hakala and Dr. Ledermann in the August 2010 Journal of Prolotherapy
Prolotherapy (Proliferation Therapy) in the Treatment of TMD
An article by Dr. Hakala in the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice, 2005


If You Have a Sleep Apnea, Get a Custom-Made Oral Appliance with Dr. Kim Ledermann

Treating Pediatric Obstructive Sleep Apnea with Dr. Kim Ledermann

TMJ Problems and Sleep Apnea: Dr. Roy Hakala Explains the Connection

Treating Sleep Apnea and Relieving TMJ Problems: Dr. Roy Hakala Explains

Over-the-counter Sleep Apnea Appliances: Don’t Use Them!

Sleep Disorders Interview

TMJ Interview


American Dental Association on TMJ
An overview of TMD diagnosis and treatment

American Academy of Craniofacial Pain
The professional organization for TMD practitioners, with useful information on TMD

Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
The leading journal on the treatment of temporomandibular disorders

American Academy of Dental Sleep Medicine
Features information about dental treatment of snoring and sleep apnea
Website for information on sleep disorders, care, and treatment

NTI Tension Suppression System
Information on NTI appliances to stop teeth clenching and grinding and prevent migraine

EMA oral appliance page
Information on the appliance we use to treat sleep breathing disorders